Energy warms our homes, cooks our food, plays our music, gives us pictures on television, etc. and is an important part of our daily lives.
Energy crisis is a situation in which the nation suffers from a disruption of energy supplies (in our case, oil) accompanied by rapidly increasing energy prices that threaten economic and national security. It may be referred to as an oil crisis, petroleum crisis, energy shortage, electricity shortage or electricity crisis. Electricity is the second most commonly used energy for home heating, after oil. The situation is even more desperate as electricity is the only source of heating throughout the whole country. There are many reasons to believe that, unlike the gas and electricity crises of the 70s, 80s and 90s, the energy troubles we now face will last for decades.
Oil, natural gas, and coal are nonrenewable fuels. Since the industrial revolution, the burning of coal, oil, natural gas or products derived from them has been a socially significant transformation of chemical energy into other forms of energy. Dependency on oil presents real challenge, but as economies grow, until we change our habits, there is going to be more dependency on oil. Every single hour, we spend $41 million on foreign oil. The best way to break the addiction to foreign oil is through new technology. Peak oil problems are immediate and obvious, to deal with it is to find a way to either produce or save more energy. In fact those who control oil and water will control the world. While oil is the world’s primary transportation fuel, coal dominates in our production of electricity.
Coal provides more than half of the Nation’s electricity supply, and America has enough coal to last more than 200 years. Coal may be cheap, but building the apparatus for turning it into electricity is not. Higher Electricity Prices forces the utility companies to continue investing in conventional coal plants despite the fact that governments are moving to restrict the heat-trapping carbon dioxide emissions from such plants. We spend approximately $130 billion a year on electricity. In the average home, 25% of the electricity used to power home electronics is consumed while the products are turned off. Energy efficient technology can save electricity and money. But that won’t happen as long as the country’s electricity demand keeps growing as it is on pace to do, 1 to 2 percent each year.
Landscaping your home for energy efficiency can reduce your heating and cooling bills, the largest component of your home’s energy use. While our dependence on energy is not likely to decrease, there will continue to be an increase of new innovations in energy technologies with a larger focus on energy conservation and efficiency.
In an era of escalating concern about climate change, boosting energy efficiency in the buildings and homes will not only lower carbon emissions but can also provide substantial financial return to people who implement ‘green designs and technology’ to their environment. By reducing the electricity we will also be helping to decrease greenhouse gas emissions.
While several key government agencies and industry sources have rejected the notion that a global energy crisis is imminent, others in the field believe the crisis is already upon us. The energy crisis is real, it’s not going away, and the federal government needs to do its part to help our communities by providing tax credits and/or rate reduction rebates to consumers who actually reduce their aggregate power usage by more than 10 percent of previous year’s electricity. It is clear electricity consumers need comprehensive and integrated planning to prevent future crises and problems. No matter how cheap heat and electricity become, using less is cheaper still.
Energy saving devices designed to provide significant reductions in electric usage and monthly electric bills, increase the life of electrical motors through heat reduction and provide surge protection for your entire Home or business. This can yield an improved payback period relative to the use of an energy saving device. Individuals that purchase this device will find that it reduces energy costs 8%-25%.
They work by reducing the power drawn from the utility by storing in its capacitors otherwise lost electricity caused by the inductive motors in the home. Some examples of inductive motors are air conditioners, refrigerators, freezers, washers, dryers, dishwashers, pool pumps, vacuum cleaners, furnace blower motors, fans etc.
They supply the stored electricity back to inductive loads, thus causing decreased demand from the utility, thereby using less electricity. The process is called power factor optimization.
Power Factor is the percentage of electricity delivered to a house and used effectively, compared to what is wasted. A 1.0 power factor means that all the electricity is being used effectively for its purpose. However, most homes in America today have a .77 power factor or less. This means that 77% of the electricity that is coming through the meter (home or business) is being used effectively. The other 23% is being wasted by your inductive load. With a low power factor, the utility has to deliver more electricity to do the same work.
By increasing that power factor in most cases to .97 or .98, thus increasing the effective use of the electricity and lowering usage.
The best electrical saving devices are ones that provides Spike/Surge Suppression, a feature that protects appliances and electronics (TV’s, stereos, computers, DVR’s, security systems, wireless phones, fluorescent lamps and other equipment) from voltage spikes. Voltage spikes can come from many different sources such as noisy equipment (like motors), power fluctuations, static electricity, and lightning.
The most common form of Spike/Surge suppression are MOV’s (Metal Oxide Varistors) or simply Varistors. MOV’s are arranged in parallel with the circuit being protected. Typical residential and light commercial power sources allow literally hundreds of spikes and surges per day to reach valuable and oftentimes sensitive electronic equipment. MOV’s can suppress these spikes and surges and still remain operational. In the event of a massive surge or spike, the kind created by a direct lightning strike, the MOV sacrifices itself and fails open.
Electrical Noise Filtration
Homes, businesses, and factories are filled with electrical devices that generate “noise.” What is ironic is this noise is harmful to the very appliances that create it. The offending “noisemakers” include TVs, computers, compact fluorescent bulbs, fluorescent lamps, stereos, and even major appliances that now have electronic interface and control. The “electrical noise” created by these devices breaks down the switching power supplies, causing premature failure.
Harmonic Filtration as designed into Pe3 is based upon 100-year old science and power engineering principles. What is new is how this technology-typically only used in industrial settings-is now available to residential customers, offices, schools, and light commercial customers. Harmonic Filtration has been extensively applied for decades by industrial users and the electric utility industry itself.
Pe3 is designed to filter harmonics and other high frequency current (trash) from the electrical environment, thereby reducing the potential for leakage into the human environment and creating additional trash in non-liner loads (TVs, computers, variable frequency drives, energy efficient lighting, etc.). Let’s face it; the use of electronics within the American home has been growing at exponential rates and the need for filtering out the “noise” created by these numerous non-linear loads has never been greater. At 60 Hz the filters act as capacitors and normally marginally improve the power factor of the customer load, which are normally slightly inductive.
HARMONIC Noise – The Problem…
(1) Malfunctioning and failure in computer equipment
(2) Overheating of neutral conductors
(3) Low efficiency and overheating of UPS, transformers and cables of the installation
(4) Tripping of protections without apparent reason
(5) Interferences in communication networks
(6) Incremented power consumption
HARMONIC Noise – The Result…
(1) Low quality electrical energy. Elevated harmonic voltage distortion
(2) Elevated neutral – earth voltage
(3) High harmonic distortion in the current
(4) Excessive levels of 3rd and 9th harmonics in the neutral conductor
(5) Elevated true RMS current in the phases
(6) Low power factor due to harmonics
(7) Elevated losses in the electrical installation
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